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Classical Education

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Latin develops the mind of the young student as no other subject can. The study of Latin is the core of a classical education.
Latin Overview
HLS' Latin Approach is Unique

Latin begins as early as 2nd grade and continues every year, culminating in the translation of Latin literature in grades 9-12. All new students in both the Lower and Upper Schools are enrolled in an age-appropriate beginning Latin class.

Our Latin curriculum follows a traditional scope and sequence and is consistent with the grammar, logic, and rhetoric stages of the trivium.

  1. The Grammar School, grades 3-6 emphasizes the memorization of the Latin Grammar by the time-tested method of oral recitation and form drills.
  2. Grades 7-8 focus on the study of syntax and translation using the classic Henle I and II texts.
  3. Grades 9-12 read Latin literature: Caesar, Ovid, Cicero, AP Virgil, and Cicero.

Students who enroll in Latin in middle and high school follow the same sequence at an accelerated pace.

Memorizing the Latin Grammar is a great challenge and thrill for students. The mastery of the grammar greatly enhances English language skills and builds the kind of confidence that comes only from great achievement. There is no substitute for the mental development provided by the study of the Latin Grammar.

Our Latin program is unique in that those students who begin in the Lower School achieve mastery of the Latin Grammar before high school – a practice which was the norm prior to the twentieth century, but is rare today. Most of the classroom materials used to teach the Latin Grammar – Prima LatinaLatina ChristianaLingua Angelica, and the Latin Forms Series – have been developed by Cheryl Lowe and Memoria Press.

Students study Greek as part of the regular curriculum in grades 6-12, completing the entire Greek Grammar.
Greek Overview
HLS' Greek Focuses on Grammar

This three-year course covers the Greek alphabet and the basics of Greek grammar, vocabulary, and translation. Students are enlightened by the similarities between Latin and Greek grammar, and they are amazed to learn about the large number of Greek roots in both English and Latin words. The study of Greek is the crown jewel in a classical Christian education. it adds depth and understanding to the study of language and Western civilization.

The ancient Greeks created a body of thought characterized by such brilliance and clarity that it has been called “The Greek Miracle” ever since. Their work in philosophy, literature, art, logic, mathematics, and science has been the wellspring of Western civilization. The Greeks have been, and remain, the world’s first and greatest teachers in the natural order. The Romans, like every generation since, imitated and enlarged, but did not reverse, the Greek depository of knowledge.

Even more importantly, the New Testament was composed in Greek, and the Old Testament, in the form of the Greek Septuagint, was the Bible of the Apostles and the New Testament Church.

Since divine providence has so ordained that the sources of both human and divine wisdom be clothed in the garment of the Greek language, there can be no more compelling reason to offer the study of Greek.

We are pleased to offer Greek to our students as an integral part of their language education. For students who choose to continue their study, Greek will be offered as an elective in grades 9-12.

Greek Aphapbet is a required prerequisite for this course.

Christian Studies
At HLS we teach that the Bible is the inspired word of God.

Classical Studies
“Those who do not possess a classical education are prisoners of their own time. To know and be interested only in the now means being incapable of evaluating or appreciating even that.” – Jude Dougherty
Classial Studies Overview
All foreign language study includes learning about the people who speak the language, so Classical Studies is the natural companion to Latin.

In Classical Studies, students study Greek mythology and Greek and Roman history and literature every year, gradually deepening their knowledge and understanding. This long grounding prepares students to read the classics of Greek, Roman, and English literature, and to study and understand the modern world.

Why spend so much time on the Greeks and Romans? Why not put this time and effort into American history and literature instead? It may seem only reasonable that the history of one’s own nation should be the focus of the curriculum, but, surprisingly, that is not the case.

There are many disadvantages to making the study of the student’s own national history and literature the focus of education. The first is that we cannot see our own history objectively, and thus it is difficult to draw lessons and conclusions from it. It is still too close to us and has not been sifted through time. We are not objective – in fact, we are emotionally involved and necessarily biased. In addition, we do not know the end of our story because our story is not yet over. It is difficult to draw conclusions since the conclusion has not come; our chapter is not finished. And, of course, we have nothing to compare our history to if we don’t study another civilization or nation before we study our own.

The classical civilizations of Greece and Rome are the perfect civilizations for the student to study and the teacher to teach. They have been thoroughly studied by many generations, and the lessons have been learned and are there for all to see. And we know the end of the story, so we can see consequences and draw conclusions.

In addition, all of the issues that we struggle with in the modern world – economic, political, religious, and social – are present in the ancient world in their simplest form. In Greece and Rome the perennial problems of the human condition can be seen at their beginning, while it is still possible to grasp them, to understand them, and to really see to the heart of the matter.

English & Literature
“Dante and Shakespeare divide the world between them. There is no third.” – T. S. Eliot

American / Modern Studies
In American/Modern Studies students study American history, geography, and literature as well as world geography and non-Western cultures.

Like all languages, Mathematics is cumulative, rigorous, and demanding; it develops logical, accurate, and precise thinking habits.

Music & Art
“A school without music is like a body without a soul” – Saint John Bosco

Logic & Rhetoric
Logic and rhetoric are essential tools for effective communication.
Logic & Rhetoric Overview
At HLS Students are Taught to Think & Communicate Well

Traditional Logic I and II is an in-depth study of the syllogism, taught in the classic three-part method. Students learn the four logical statements, the four ways statements can be opposite, the three ways they can be equivalent, the seven rules for validity, and the nineteen valid arguments. In Material Logic, students learn the Ten Categories, the Five Predicables, the Four Causes, and the Five Elements of Classification, as well as their use in the art of thinking.

Classical Rhetoric is a guided tour through the first part of Aristotle’s Rhetoric. To the ancients, rhetoric was the crowning intellectual discipline, molding knowledge and logic into powerful tools of persuasion. To Aristotle the art of rhetoric was the chief weapon in the service of truth.

Classical Rhetoric also familiarizes students with three model speeches as examples of the three branches of classical oratory: the “Appeal of the Envoys to Achilles,” from Homer’s Iliad; the “Apology of Socrates,” from the dialogue of Plato; and Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address.” Students analyze Marc Antony’s “Funeral Oration,” from Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar as an example of a great speech that defies categorization.


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